Numerical analysis of clamping pressure during carton clamp handling of heavyweight corrugated packages

Jongmin Park, Jongsoon Kim, Jonghun Park, Laszlo Horvath, Ghiseok Kim

Abstract


In order to determine the theoretical minimum clamping pressure required in carton clamp handling of heavyweight corrugated package (HCP) such as large packages or unitized agricultural product packages, a numerical model of clamping pressure was developed. To develop the model, the dynamic load factor was measured at the handling test course which was designed on the basis of actual handling environment of the target HCP. Also, the static-frictional coefficients between the HCPs and between the HCP and a rubber contact pad of carton clamp arm were analyzed. The main factors in the developed numerical model of clamping pressure were the handling load weight and the effective contact area of the carton clamp arm. In addition, field tests were performed to validate the theoretical minimum clamping pressure calculated from the model. Averaged slip distance from the single package and two packages handling was estimated as a 3.2 mm through field test, and it is expected that the 3.2 mm slip distance will be acceptable for a safe operation in the handling environment. The suggested analytical approach with the numerical model can be a useful means for estimating the clamping pressure of the carton clamps used to handle the HCP.
Keywords: corrugated paperboard, heavyweight package, agricultural product packages, carton clamp, clamping pressure, dynamic load factor
DOI: 10.25165/j.ijabe.20171005.2917

Citation: Park J, Kim J, Park J, Horvath L, Kim G. Numerical analysis of clamping pressure during carton clamp handling of heavyweight corrugated packages. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2017; 10(5): 25–34.

Keywords


corrugated paperboard, heavyweight package, agricultural product packages, carton clamp, clamping pressure, dynamic load factor

References


Hellström D, Saghir M. Packaging and logistics interactions in retail supply chains. Packaging Technology and Science, 2007; 20: 197–216.

Jahre M, Hattelan C J. Packages and physical distribution: implications for integration and standardization. International Journal of Physical Distribution Logistics Management, 2004; 34: 123–139.

Wasala W M C B, Dharmasena D A N, Dissanayake C A K, Tilakarathne B M K S. Feasibility study on styrofoam layer cushioning for banana bulk transport in a local distribution s ystem. Journal of Biosystems Engineering, 2015; 40: 409–416.

Chen Y X, Chen L, Wang R C, Xu X, Shen Y J, Liu Y L.

Modeling and test on height adjustment system of electrically-controlled air suspension for agricultural vehicles. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2016; 9(2): 40–47.

ASAE. CIGR HANDBOOK of agricultural engineering Vol Ⅵ - Agro processing engineering, 1999.

Zhong C, Saito K, Kawaguchi K. Improvement of Equivalent Drop Theory for Transport Packaging. Packaging Technology and Science, 2013; 26: 67–81.

Korea Industrial Standard. KS T 0001: Glossary of terms for physical distribution. Gwacheon, Korea: Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2010.

Saghir M. Packaging information needed for evaluation in the supply chain: the case of the Swedish grocery retail industry. Packaging Technology and Scienc, 2002; 15: 37–46.

Cascade Corporation. Bring palletless handling to your operation. Portland, USA, 2011.

Lift Technologies, Appliance and carton clamps. Westminster, South Carolina, USA. 2015.

Spencer D K, Ebeling C W. Push/pull & slipsheet handling manual. Global Solutions in Materials Handling, Cascade Corporation, 2011.

Singh J, Blumer T, Roy S, Saha K. Carton clamp test methodologies and the effects on load containment and retention. Packaging Technology and Science, 2015; 28: 15–30.

Chan F T S, Chan H K, Choy K L. A systematic approach to manufacturing packaging logistics. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2006; 29: 1088–1101.

American Society for Testing and Materials. ATSM D 6055-96: Standard test methods for mechanical handling of unitized loads and large shipping cases and crates. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA, 2014.

International Safe Transit Association. ISTA 3B: Packaged-products for less-than-truckload LTL shipment. East Lansing, Michigan, USA, 2013.

Peter M. Clamping force in paper roll handling. Gravure, August 2002, pp. 66–72

Stewart J, Batt G. Clamp truck simulation in the laboratory environment. Proceedings of Dimension, Orlando, Florida, USA, 2005.

Kim S I. Studies on design of corrugated fiberboard box for agricultural product. Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy in Food Engineering, Daegu University, South Korea, 2000.

International Organization for Standardization. ISO 15113: Rubber-determination of frictional properties. Geneva, Switzerland, 2005.

Hyundai Heavy Industries. Diesel counterbalance trucks. Ulsan, South Korea. http://www.hyundai-ce.com/Korean/ PIK/ICEPIK22.aspx?type=b&code=b1. Accessed on [2016-09-08]


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.