CFD modeling and experiment of heat transfer in a tubular photo-bioreactor for photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production

Zhang Zhiping, Zhang Quanguo, Yue Jianzhi, Li Lianhao, Zhang Tian, Liu Zhengbai

Abstract


Temperature is one of the most important parameters that need to be controlled in photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production (PFHP) system. Since the high temperature and big temperature fluctuation have adverse impacts on bio-hydrogen yield, the system numerical simulation based on the operating conditions and environmental factors is desirable. This research focused on the investigation of heat transfer properties of the PFHP system. Enzymatic hydrolysate from agricultural residues was taken as substrate, and up-flow tubular photo-bioreactor was adopted for PFHP. Temperatures inside the photo-bioreactor were monitored. The experimental design and computational modeling for the determination of the heat transfer behavior in tubular photo-bioreactor was presented. Energy balance analysis was conducted to determine the energy efficiency, and optimize the operation parameters in order to obtain higher energy efficiency. The commercial software FLUENT was also adopted in order to predict the transient temperature distribution in the photo-bioreactor. The results showed that mathematical and computational modeling method has a clear potential for improving the performance of photo-bioreactor in the process of PFHP. Up-flow tubular bioreactor has tiny temperature fluctuant, and is suitable for PFHP.
Keywords: photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production (PFHP), up-flow tubular photo-bioreactor, heat transfer, temperature distribution, numerical simulation
DOI: 10.3965/j.ijabe.20171001.2513

Citation: Zhang Z P, Zhang Q G, Yue J Z, Li L H, Zhang T, Liu Z B. CFD modeling and experiment of heat transfer in a tubular photo-bioreactor for photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2017; 10(1): 209–217.

Keywords


photo-fermentation bio-hydrogen production (PFHP), up-flow tubular photo-bioreactor, heat transfer, temperature distribution, numerical simulation

References


Kumar G, Bakonyi P, Periyasamy S, Kim S H, Nemestóthy N, Bélafi-Bakó K. Lignocellulose bio-hydrogen: Practical challenges and recent progress. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015; 44(3): 728–737.

Sing L, Wahid Z A. Review methods for enhancing bio-hydrogen production from biological process, a review. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2014; 77(5): 2061–2072.

Urbaniec K, Bakker R R. Biomass residues as raw material for dark hydrogen fermentation–A review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2015; 40(6): 3648–3658.

Jiao Y Z, Li P F, Li G, Zhang Q G, Ding P, Wang S P, et al. Design and preliminary experimental research on a new biogas fermentation system by solar heat pipe heating. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2016; 9(2): 153–162.

Nandi R, Sengupta S. Microbiol production of hydrogen: An overview. Crit Rev Microb, 1998; 24(1): 61–84.

Adessi A, de Philippis R. Hydrogen Production: Photo-fermentation. In: Hallenbeck, P.C. (ed), Microbial Technologies In Advanced Biofuels Production. Springer, New York, 2012; pp 53–75.

Hallenbeck P C. Microbial paths to renewable hydrogen production. Biofuels, 2011; 2: 285–302.

Keskin T, Abo-Hashesh M, Hallenbeck P C. Photofermentative hydrogen production from wastes. Bioresource Technology, 2011; 102(2): 8557–8568.

Hallenbeck P C, Ghosh D, Skonieczny M T, Yargeau V. Microbiological and engineering aspects of bio-hydrogen production. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 2013; 49(4): 48–59.

Ding J, Wang X, Zhou X F, Ren N Q, Guo W Q. CFD

optimization of continuous stirred-tank reactor for bio-hydrogen production. Bioresource Technology, 2010; 101(5): 7005–7013.

Giuseppe O, Piero S, Antonio M. Advances in photo-bioreactors for intensive microalgal production: configurations, operating strategies and applications. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 2014; 89(2): 178–195.

Cavalcante de Amorim E L, Barros A R, Rissato Zamariolli Damianovic M H, Silva E L. Anaerobic fluidized bed reactor with expanded clay as support for hydrogen production through dark fermentation of glucose. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2004; 34(4): 783–790.

Gavala H N, Skiadas L V, Ahring B K. Biological hydrogen production in suspended and attached growth anaerobic reactor systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2006; 31(9): 1164–1175.

Jung K W, Kim D H, Kim S H, Shin H S. Bioreactor design for continuous dark fermentative hydrogen production. Bioresource Technology, 2011; 102(8): 8612–8620.

Lee D Y, Li Y Y, Noike T. Continuous H2 production by anaerobic mixed microflora in membrane bioreactor. Bioresource Technology, 2009; 100(3): 690–695

Zhang Y, Shen J. Effect of temperature and iron concentration on the growth and hydrogen production of mixed microflora. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2009; 31(4): 441–446.

Maskow T L, Kemp R, Buchholz F, Schubert T, Kiesel B, Harms H. What heat is telling us about microbial conversions in nature and technology: from chip- to megacalorimetry. Microbial Biotechnology. 2010; 3(2): 269–284.

Won S G, Lau A K. Effects of key operational parameters on bio-hydrogen production via anaerobic fermentation in a sequencing batch reactor. Bioresource Technology, 2011; 102(1): 6876–6883.

Sasikala K, Ramana C V, Raghuveer R P, Kovacs K L. Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria: physiology and advances in hydrogen production technology. Adv Appl Microbio, 1993; 38(3): 211–225.

Han B X, Wang Y, Zeng F, Zhang Q G. Enrichment predominant group of hydrogen-producing photosynthetic bacteria and their hydrogen production experiment. Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 2013; 34(1): 111–115.

Moronia M, Ciccib A, Bravib M. Experimental investigation of fluid dynamics in a gravitational local recirculation photo-bioreactor. Chemical Engineering, 2013; 32(2): 913–918.

Ribeiro R L, Souza J A, Pulliam R, Mariano A B, Ordonez J

C, Vargas J V C. The transient temperature behavior in compact tubular microalgae photo-bioreactors. In 13rd Brazilian Congress of Thermal Sciences and Engineering, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil, 2013.

Yan Q S, Zhao Q Z. Thermal process of building. China Architecture & Building Press, 2007. (in Chinese)

Wang S L. Fluid mechanics. China Electric Power Press, 2007; pp. 7–89. (in Chinese)

Yang S M, Tao W Q. Heat transfer theory (3rd). Beijing: High Education Press, 1989; pp. 131–171. (in Chinese)

Sun H T, Zhang H L, Liu R J, Nan Z D, Shan Q Z, Sun X F. Microcalorimetric determination of thermograms of bacteria and studying of thermodynamic of growth law. Journal of Shandong Normal University, 1994; 9(4): 40–42. (in Chinese)

Wang X, Ding J, Guo W Q, Ren N Q. A hydrodynamics– reaction kinetics coupled model for evaluating bioreactors derived from CFD simulation. Bioresource Technology, 2010; 101(24): 9749–9757.

Wang R J, Zhang K, Wang G. Foundation and application example of FLUENT software technology. Tsinghua University Press, 2007; pp. 1–2. (in Chinese)

Wang J, Tang X H, Li J, Zhao L. Temperature

measurement of liquid based software of FLUENT. Journal of Beijing Technology and Business University (Natural science edition), 2009; 27(6): 25–28. (in Chinese)

Sahu A K, Vasumathi K K, Premalatha M. Simulation of solar light intensity distribution in open pond photo-bioreactor. Int J Curr Sci, 2011; (1): 50–57.

Bridgeman J. Computational fluid dynamics modelling of sewage sludge mixing in an anaerobic digester. Advances in Engineering Software; 2012; 44(1): 54–62.

Nurtono T, NirwanaW O C, Kusdianto, Nia S M, Widjaja A, Winardi S. The influence of hydrodinamic factor on fermentative hydrogen production process in stirred tank reactor. Proceeding of the 1st International Seminar on Fundamental and Application of Chemical Engineering, 2010; pp. 1–6.

Dhanasekharan K. Design and scale-up of bioreactors using computer simulations. Bioprocess Technical, 2016; 4(3): 34–41.

Mukhanov V S, Kemp R B. Simultaneous photocalorimetric and oxygen polarographic measurements on Dunaliella maritime cells reveal a thermal discrepancy that could be due to nonphotochemical quenching. Thermochimica Acta, 2006; 46(1): 11–19.


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.