Stalk cutting mechanism of no-tillage planter for wide/narrow row farming mode

Jia Honglei, Jiang Xinming, Yuan Hongfang, Zhuang Jian, Zhao Jiale, Guo Mingzhuo

Abstract


A no-tillage planter of narrow row spacing was designed according to the agronomic requirements of wide/narrow row farming mode in the black soil region of Northeast China. Due to the narrow spacing of the seeder unit, a gear-tooth stalk cutting mechanism was designed in order to prevent residues from blocking the planter. The basic parameters, number and edge curve of the stalk cutting blade were designed and optimized. Three-factor and three-level combined orthogonal experiments were conducted using the factors of working speed (1.12 m/s, 1.57 m/s and 2.02 m/s), tillage depth (75 mm, 90 mm and 105 mm) and cutter spacing (15 mm, 30 mm and 45 mm), which significantly affected stalk cutting rate and soil disturbance rate. The optimal combination is the working speed of 1.62 m/s, tillage depth of 92 mm and cutter spacing of 35 mm. Under this condition, the stalk cutting rate is more than 90% and soil disturbance rate is 7.5%-12.0%. The performance of the new no-tillage planter was tested by using the above parameters. The results showed that the no-tillage planter of narrow row spacing came up to the relevant national standards in China.
Keywords: conservation tillage, no-tillage planter, wide/narrow row farming, stalk cutting mechanism, soil disturbance rate, direct sowing, corn, Northeast China
DOI: 10.3965/j.ijabe.20171002.2247

Citation: Jia H L, Jiang X M, Yuan H F, Zhuang J, Zhao J L, Guo M Z. Stalk cutting mechanism of no-tillage planter for wide/narrow row farming mode. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2017; 10(2): 26–35.

Keywords


conservation tillage, no-tillage planter, wide/narrow row farming, stalk cutting mechanism, soil disturbance rate, direct sowing, corn, Northeast China

References


Fan H M, Cai Q G, Chen G, Cui M. Comparative study of the soil erosion and control in the three major black soil regions in the world. Journal of Natural Resources, 2005; 20(3): 387–393. (in Chinese)

Soil Survey Staff. Soil Taxonomy. Washington DC: United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service, 1999.

Fang H J, Yang X M, Zhang X P, Liang A Z. Using 137 Cs tracer technique to evaluate erosion and deposition of black soil in Northeast China. Pedosphere, 2006; 16(2): 201–209.

Buffett H G. Conservation: reaping the benefits of no-tillage farming. Nature, 2012; 484(7395): 455.

Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science, 2004; 304(5677): 1623–1627.

Simoes R P, Raper R L, Arriaga F J, Balkcom K S, Shaw J N. Using conservation systems to alleviate soil compaction in a Southeastern United States ultisol. Soil and Tillage Research, 2009; 104(1): 106–114.

Hobbs P R, Sayre K, Gupta R. The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2008; 363(1491): 543–555.

Stout B, Lal R, Monger C. Carbon capture and sequestration: The roles of agriculture and soils. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2016; 9(1): 1–8.

Gebhardt M R, Daniel T C, Schweizer E E, Allmaras R R. Conservation tillage. Science, 1985; 230(4726): 625–630.

Hill R L. Long-term conventional and no-tillage effects on selected soil physical properties. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1990; 54(1): 161–166.

Holland J M. The environmental consequences of adopting conservation tillage in Europe: reviewing the evidence. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2004; 103(1): 1–25.

Madarász B, Juhos K, Ruszkiczay-Rüdiger Z, Benke S, Jakab G, Szalai Z. Conservation tillage vs. conventional tillage: long-term effects on yields in continental, sub-humid Central Europe, Hungary. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 2016; 14(4): 1–20.

Gao H W, Li H W, Li W Y. Development of conservation tillage. Transactions of the CSAM, 2008; 39(9): 43–48. (in Chinese)

Li H W, He J, Bharucha Z P, Lal R, Pretty J. Improving China’s food and environmental security with conservation agriculture. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 2016; 14(4): 377–391.

Jia H L, Ma C L, Liu F, Liu Z C, Yu H B, Tan H J. Study on technology and matching machine for stalk/stubble breaking and mulching combined operation. Transactions of the CSAM, 2005; 36(11): 46–49. (in Chinese)

Liu W R, Zheng J Y, Luo Y, Li W T, Feng Y C. Research on planting technique with wide/narrow row alternation for maize. Journal of Jilin Agricultural Sciences, 2007; 32(2): 8–10. (in Chinese)

Jia H L, Fan X H, Cui J J, Jiang T J, Ma Y H, Li H G.

Gear-tooth stubble cutting mechanism. Chinese patent: 201210453844.2, 2014-07-16.

Nicoulland B, King D, Tardieu F. Vertical distribution of maize roots in relation to permanent soil characteristics. Plant and Soil, 1994; 159(2): 245–254.

GB/T 5262-2008, Measuring methods for agricultural machinery testing conditions-general rules, 2008. (in Chinese)

GB/T 20865-2007, No-tillage fertile-seeding drill, 2007. (in Chinese)

Jiang J L, Gao H W, Gong L N. Experimental study on the mechanism of cutting and digging corn rootstalk for no-tillage planter. Transactions of the CSAM, 2007; 38(9): 63–66. (in Chinese)

Wang Q J, He J, Yao Z L, Li H W, Li W Y, Zhang X M. Design and experiment on powered disc no-tillage planter for ridge-tillage. Transactions of the CSAM, 2008; 39(6): 68–72. (in Chinese)


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.