Dynamic evolutions of ecological carrying capacity in poor areas using ecological footprint model at Ruyang County of China

Wang Jun, Zhang Qiaoming, Zou Chunjing, Wang Jinxin, Li Yongsheng, Wang Mingchun

Abstract


In this study, the ecological footprint (EF) from 2004 to 2013 of a poor county chosen from Central China was measured and analyzed by using the methodology and theory of EF. The results showed that in the past 10 years, the county’s ecological footprint per capita was growing gradually, increasing from 0.7053 hm2 in 2004 to 1.4473 hm2 in 2013, with growth clearly accelerated in recent years. During the same period, the ecological carrying capacity per capita reduced from 0.6351 hm2 to 0.5018 hm2. Additionally, regional development had been in a state of ecological deficit, per capita ecological deficit increased from 0.0702 hm2 to 0.9456 hm2. This led to contradictions between regional socio-economic development and sustainability of natural ecosystems, meaning the development of the region is unsustainable. Measures to reduce the ecological deficit were proposed to coordinate regional industrialization, urbanization, ecological environmental protection, and to promote the sustainable development in the region (e.g. adjusting industrial structure and consumption structure, promoting economic transformation, scientific planning and management of land). The results could provide a scientific basis for studies on ecological carrying capacity of the poor areas in Central China.
Keywords: ecological footprint, ecological carrying capacity, ecological deficit, sustainable development, poor areas in China
DOI: 10.3965/j.ijabe.20171002.2109

Citation: Wang J, Zhang Q M, Zou C J, Wang J X, Li Y S, Wang M C. Dynamic evolutions of ecological carrying capacity in poor areas using ecological footprint model at Ruyang County of China. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2017; 10(2): 140–150.

Keywords


ecological footprint, ecological carrying capacity, ecological deficit, sustainable development, poor areas in China

References


Rees W E. Ecological footprint and appropriated carrying capacity: What urban economics leave out. Environment and Urbanization, 1992; 4(2): 121–130.

Antonio C, Manuel D. Local ecological footprint using Principal Component Analysis: A case study of localities in Andalusia (Spain). Ecological Indicators, 2015; 57: 573–579.

Debrupa C, Joyashree R. Ecological footprint of paperboard and paper production unit in India. Environment Development and Sustainability, 2015; 17(4): 909–921.

Hao H G, Zhang J P, Li X B, Zhang H Y, Zhang Q. Impact of livelihood diversification of rural households on their ecological footprint in agro-pastoral areas of northern China. Journal of Arid Land, 2015; 7(5): 653–664.

NBS survey office of rural economy. The development road for counties. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2004. (in Chinese)

Lu H W, Cao H M. Historical opportunity and strategic innovation in the development of poverty alleviation. Jianghan Tribune, 2014; 5: 130–135. (in Chinese)

Wackernagel M, Rees W E. Our ecological footprint: Reducing human impact on the Earth. New Society, Gabrioala, B C, Canada, 1996.

Rees W E. Ecological footprint analysis: merits and

brickbats. Ecological Economics, 2000; 32: 371−374.

Wackernagel M, Onisto L, Linares A C, Falfán I S L, Garcia J M, Guerrero A I S, et al. Ecological footprints of nations. Toronto: International Council for Local Environment Initiatives, 1997; pp.10-21.

Xie G D, Cao S Y, Lu C X, Xiao Y, Zhang Y S. Hunan’s consumption of ecosystem services and ecological debt in China. Journal of Natural Resources, 2010; 25(1): 43–51. (in Chinese)

Liu D, Feng Z M, Yang Y Z. Ecological balance between supply and demand in china using ecological footprint method. Journal of Natural Resources, 2012; 27(4): 614–624. (in Chinese)

Mathis W, Larry O, Patricia B, Alejandro C L, Ina S L F, Jesus M G, et al. National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 1999; 29(3): 375–390.

Statistical Yearbook of Luoyang. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2004-2013. (in Chinese)

Fang K. Footprint family: Concept, classification, theoretical framework, and integrated pattern. Act Ecologica Sinica, 2015; 35(6): 1647–1659. (in Chinese)

Ma Y, Huang C, Zheng W. Sustainable development analysis on ecological footprint in Gansu Province. Journal of China Agricultural University, 2011; 16(6): 174–178. (in Chinese)

Zhou J, Guan W H. Study on sustainable development in Nanjing based on ecological footprint model. Act Ecologica

Sinica, 2012; 32(20): 6471–6480. (in Chinese)

Jia J S. Hierarchical Partial Least Squares (Hi_PLS) model analysis of the driving factors of Henan’s Ecological Footprint (EF) and its development strategy. Act Ecologica Sinica, 2011; 31(8): 2188–2195. (in Chinese)

Tian J, Yao S B. Dynamic analysis of sustainable development based on ecological footprint model in Shanxi Province. China Science and Technology Forum, 2014; 1: 114–120. (in Chinese)

Wang S Y, Cui H P, Wang S N. Study of the ecological carrying capacity of the Hainan Province based on the ecological footprint model. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014; 21(6): 218–221. (in Chinese)

Costanza R, d’Aarge R, de Groot R, Farber S, Grasso M, Hannon B, et al. The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 1997; 38(7): 253–260.

He F, Zhang Q F, Wang L, Zhang K P. County-level ecological sustainability assessment based on improved ecological footprint model. Transactions of the CSAE, 2011; 27(5): 320–328. (in Chinese)

Fu B, Qi Y B, Chang Q R. Impact of revegetation management modes on soil properties and vegetation ecological restoration in degraded sandy grassland in the farming-pastoral ecotone. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2015; 8(1): 26–34.

Zhou J, Guan W H. Study on sustainable development in Nanjing based on ecological footprint model. Act Ecologica Sinica, 2012; 32(20): 6471–6480. (in Chinese)


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.