Development of database and mathematical models for predicting engine performance parameters using biodiesel

P. K. Pranav, Thaneswer Patel, K. Padmeshore Singh

Abstract


Abstract: A database for complete and quick knowledge of biodiesel was developed in Microsoft access linked with interactive interfaced of Visual Basic which contains various information such as biodiesel properties, engine performance parameters and emission characteristics. The comparisons of fuel properties among the biodiesel, its blends and engine performance parameters are one of the most attractive features of the developed database. Based on the data collected from the developed database, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to know the effect of fuel properties on engine performance parameters. The fuel properties such as a change in calorific value and viscosity with respect to diesel were found to be significant at 5% level with brake power (BP) and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC). However, flash point and density were found to be insignificant. Therefore, mathematical models were developed for (i) change in BP and (ii) BSFC based on the significant fuel properties. The model efficiency for BP and BSFC were found to be 92% and 91% respectively. The RMSE values were also calculated from the predicted value and found to be 1.85 and 5.45 for BP and BSFC respectively. From the above statistical facts, it is revealed that the developed mathematical models can be used to predict the change in BP and BSFC. Further, it is also expected that the developed database shall be expedient for researchers and engineers to locate various information related to biodiesel.
Keywords: biodiesel, engine performance, database, mathematical models, brake power, BSFC
DOI: 10.3965/j.ijabe.20171003.1789

Citation: Pranav P K, Patel T, Singh K P. Development of database and mathematical models for predicting engine performance parameters using biodiesel. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2017; 10(3): 121–129.

Keywords


biodiesel, engine performance, database, mathematical models, brake power, BSFC

References


Pramanik K. Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. Renewable Energy, 2003; 28: 239–248.

Forson F K, Oduro E K, Hammond E. Performance of jatropha oil blends in a diesel Engine. Renewable Energy, 2004; 29: 1135–1145.

Hanumantha Rao Y V, Ram S V, Hariharan V S, Sitarama Raju A V. Jatropha oil methyl ester and its blends used as an alternative fuel in diesel engine. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2008; 1(2): 32–38.

Baitiang T, Suwannakit K, Duangmukpanao T, Sukjamsri C, Topaiboul S, Chollacoop N. Effects of biodiesel and jatropha oil on performance, black smoke and durability of single-cylinder diesel engine. Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals, 2008; 18: 181–185.

Rao T V, Rao G P, Reddy K H C. Experimental investigation of pongamia, jatropha and neem methyl esters as biodiesel on C.I. engine. Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 2008; 2: 117–122.

Rao V H, Voleti Y R S, Hariharan V S, Sitarama A V, Redd P N. Use of jatropha oil methyl ester and its blends as an alternative fuel in diesel engine. J. of the Braz. Soc. of Mech. Sci. & Eng., 2009; 31: 253–260.

Sahoo P K, Das L M, Babu M K, Arora P, Singh V P, Kumar N R, et al. Comparative evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of jatropha, karanja and polanga based biodiesel as fuel in a tractor engine. Fuel, 2009; 88: 1698–1707.

Bhatt Y C, Verma M K. Effect of fuel temperature and injection pressure on engine performance with karanja (pongamia glabra) methyl ester oil and blends with diesel. Fuel Sci. Technology, 2000; 4: 3–7.

Raheman H, Phadatare A G. Emissions and performance of diesel engine from blends of karanja methyl ester (biodiesel) and diesel. Biomass and Bioenergy, 2004; 27: 393–397.

Stalin N, Prabhu H J. Performance test of IC engine using karanja biodiesel blending with diesel. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2007; 2: 5–8.

Sureshkumar K, Velraj R, Ganesan R. Performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a CI engine fueled with Pongamia pinnata methyl ester (PPME) and its blends with diesel. Renewable Energy, 2008; 33: 2294–2302.

Agarwal K A, Rajamanoharan K. Experimental investigations of performance and emissions of Karanja oil and its blends in a single cylinder agricultural diesel engine. Applied Energy, 2009; 86: 106–112.

Ghosal M K, Sahoo N. Performance study of diesel engine by using karanja methyl ester (biodiesel) and its blends with diesel fuel. International Journal of Agricultural Engineering,

; 3: 40–44.

Nagarhalli M V, Nandedkar V M, Mohite K C. Emission and performance characteristics of karanja biodiesel and its blends in a C.I. engine and its economics. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2010; 5: 2–5.

Machacon H T C, Shiga S, Karasawa T, Nakamura H. Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with coconut oil-diesel fuel blend. Biomass and Bioenergy, 2001; 20: 63–69.

Kalam M A, Husnawan M, Masjuki H H. Exhaust emission and combustion evaluation of coconut oil-powered indirect injection diesel engine. Renewable Energy, 2003; 28: 2405–2415.

Singh P J, Khurma J, Singh A. Preparation, characterisation, engine performance and emission characteristics of coconut oil based hybrid fuels. Renewable Energy, 2010; 35: 2065–2070.

Capareda S C, Powell J, Parnell C. Engine performance and exhaust emissions of cottonseed oil biodiesel. Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Nashville, Tennessee. 2008.

Kadir A, Metin G, Duran A, Ali K. Using of cotton oil soapstock biodiesel – diesel fuel blends as an alternative diesel fuel. Renewable Energy, 2008; 33: 553–557.

Krishna B M, Mallikarjuna J M. Properties and performance of cotton seed oil–diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines. Journal of renewable and sustainable energy, 2009; 1: 023106.

Nabi N, Rahaman M, Akhter S. Biodiesel from cotton seed oil and its effect on engine performance and exhaust emissions. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2009; 29: 2265–2270.

Nwafor O M I, Rice G. Performance of rapeseed oil blends in a diesel engine. Applied Energy, 1996; 54: 345–354.

Aziz A A, Farid S, Mohamad A A. Performance of palm oil-based biodiesel fuels in a single cylinder direct injection engine. Palm Oil Developments, 2005; 42: 25–29.

Prasad S N, Reddy V K, Kumar B S P, Ramjee E, Hebbel O D, Nivendgi M C. Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine with castor oil. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 2009; 2: 10.

Yuan W, Hansen A C. Computational investigation of the effect of biodiesel fuel properties on diesel engine NOx emissions. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2009; 2(2): 41–48.

Chakrabarti M H, Ali M. Performance of compression ignition engine with Indigenous castor oil bio diesel in Pakistan. Ned University Journal of Research, 2009; 6: 1.

Cumali I, Selman A, Rasim B, Huseyin A. Biodiesel from safflower oil and its application in a diesel engine. Fuel Processing Technology, 2010; 14: 199–205.

Ilkilic C, Aydin H. Effect of ethanol blending with

biodiesel on engine performance and exhaust emissions in a CI engine. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2010; 30: 1199–1204.

Ejilah R I, Lukman A, Bello A A. Investigation of Sclerocarya birrea seed oil extracted as a bioenergy resource for compression ignition engines. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2012; 5(3): 1.

Hossain A K, Davies P K. Plant oils as fuels for compression ignition engines: A technical review and life-cycle analysis. Renewable Energy, 2010; 35: 1–13.

Ramadhas A S, Jayaraj S, Muraleedharan C. Use of vegetable oils as I.C. engine fuels - A review. Renewable Energy, 2004; 29: 727–742.

Sahoo P K, Das L M, Babu M K G, Arora P, Singh V P, Kumar N R, et al. Comparative evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of jatropha, karanja and polanga based biodiesel as fuel in a tractor engine. Fuel, 2009; 88: 1698–1707

Mustafa C, Eradil A, Arcaklioglu E. Performance and exhaust emissions of a biodiesel engine. Applied Energy, 2006; 83: 594–605.

Shivakumar S P, Shrinivasa R, Samaga B S. Performance and emission characteristics of a 4 stroke C.I. engine operated on honge methyl ester using artificial neural network. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2010; 5: 6–8.


Full Text: PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.