Already have a Username/Password for International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering?
Go to Login
Need a Username/Password?
Go to Registration
Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.
Organization of the Manuscript
Authors and Affiliations
Role of the Corresponding Author
- Indicate received date and accepted date of the manuscript.
- Indicate manuscript approval by your sponsoring organization or employer, if necessary, and list any disclaimers. Or list the Foundation items and funded projects.
- List the full names, AOC, CSAE, or other scholarly membership, professional titles, and professional affiliations and locations for all authors.
- List the contact information for the corresponding author, including the full mailing address, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.
Body of the ArticleYou will want to organize the main text in a manner that can be easily understood by the reader. Depending on the subject matter, this organization may be chronological, spatial, geo-graphical, or any other sequence that develops logically. Manuscripts may be written in either the first or third person. Clearly indicate subdivisions of the main body with headings and sub-headings, but do not use more than three levels of headings. Subheadings facilitate comprehension for all readers and provide a quick summary for the scanning reader. The following are typical headings in a journal article:
IntroductionThe introduction should put the focus of the manuscript into a broader context. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field. The introductory section of the text should include a brief statement of why the research was conducted. It should also define the problem and present objectives (including a description of the subject, scope, and purpose) along with a plan of development of the subject matter. Include a brief review of the key literature. If there are relevant controversies or disagreements in the field, they should be mentioned so that a non-expert reader can delve into these issues further. The introduction should conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the experiments and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.
Materials and MethodsThis section should provide enough detail for reproduction of the findings. So, sufficient detail should be provided so that the work may be repeated. Do not give details of methods described in readily available sources. Instead, refer to the source and describe any modification. Protocols for new methods should be included, but well-established protocols may simply be referenced. Figures that illustrate test apparatus and tables of treatment parameters or equipment specifications are appropriate here.
Results and DiscussionIf warranted, the results and discussion may be combined into one section, or may be divided into two separate sections. This section describes the solution to the problem stated in the introductory section. Use figures and tables to visually supplement the presentation of your results. The text must refer explicitly to all visuals, and you must interpret the visual elements to emphasize the evidence on which your conclusions are based. Do not omit important negative results. The results should provide details of all of the experiments that are required to support the conclusions of the paper. There is no specific word limit for this section, but details of experiments that detract from the focus of the article should not be included. The section may be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. The results section should be written in past tense. The discussion should spell out the major conclusions and interpretations of the work including some explanation on the significance of these conclusions. How do the conclusions affect the existing assumptions and models in the field? How can future research build on these observations? What are the key experiments that must be done? The discussion should be concise and tightly argued. In addition, relate your findings to previous findings by identifying how and why there are differences and where there is agreement. Speculation is encouraged, but it must be identified. Any controversies should also be presented clearly and fairly.
ConclusionsThis is a summary of your results. In this section, state any conclusions that can be drawn from your data. You may also include suggestions for future research. The conclusion may be a subsection of the Results and Discussion section, or it may be a separate section. Data or statements cited in your conclusion must have been stated previously in the article. Do not introduce new information in the conclusion.
AcknowledgmentsThe “Acknowledgment” section is the general term for the list of contributions, credits, and other information included at the end of the text of a manuscript but before the references. People who contributed to the work, but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed in the Acknowledgments, along with their contributions. Authors should obtain written permission that anyone named in the acknowledgments agrees to being so named. Details (project names and coded number) of the funding sources that have supported the work should be confined to the funding statement, which will be revealed in the section of Article Notes. Do not include them in the Acknowledgments.
ReferencesIJABE uses the Vancouver Style, namely, the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method for citing and listing references. In the Vancouver Style, citations within the text of your essay/paper are identified by Arabic numbers in square brackets. This applies to references in text, tables and figures. e.g.  – this is the style used by the referencing software Endnote. The Vancouver System assigns a number to each reference as it is cited. Number references in the order they appear in the text; do not alphabetize. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the sentence/text. The author should number and list the references in Arabic numerals according to the citation order in the text. Put reference numbers in square brackets in superscript at the end of citation content or after the cited author’s name. For citation content which is part of the narration, the coding number and square brackets should be typeset normally. For example, “The structural and engineering design of the farm Robert meets agronomic needs[1,2]”. If references are cited directly in the text, they should be put together within the text, for example, “From references [1,3-8], we know that...” Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. Where there are more than three sequential citations, they should be given as a range. For example: “...has been shown previously [1, 4–6, 10].” Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the relevant journal before ordering the citations. Figure captions and tables should be at the end of the manuscript. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and for correct text citation. When the authors write the references, please ensure that the order in text is the same as in the references section and also ensure the spelling accuracy of the first author’s name. Do not list the same citation twice. When the authors list the references, abbreviate names of journals according to the journals list in PubMed. For all references, list all authors and/or editors up to three; if more than three, list the first three followed by “et al.” Note: Journal references should include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number. Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial. You can include a DOI number for the full-text article as an alternative to or in addition to traditional volume and page numbers. Please use the following style for the reference list:
Examples of reference style:
1) Published Papers
 Morrow D A, Scirica B M, Karwatowska-Prokopczuk E, et al. Effects of ranolazine on recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with non–ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: the MERLIN-TIMI 36 randomized trial. JAMA, 2007, 297(16):1775-1783.
2) Accepted Papers
Same as above, but “In press” appears instead of the page numbers. Example: Science, 2008, In press.
3) Electronic Journal Articles
 Loker W M. “Campesinos” and the crisis of modernization in Latin America. Jour Pol Ecol, 1996. Available: http://www.library.arizona.edu/ej/jpe/volume_3/ascii-lokeriso.txt. Accessed on [2006-08-11].
Books Bates B. Bargaining for life: A social history of tuberculosis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1992. 435 p.
Book Chapters Hansen B. New York City epidemics and history for the public. In: Harden V A, Risse G B (Ed.), editors. AIDS and the historian. Bethesda: National Institutes of Health.1991. pp. 21–28.
Degree Dissertation Wang Yingkuan. Open access publishing of scientific scholarly journals in China. PhD dissertation. Beijing: Peking University, 2006, 12. 240 p.
Newspaper Article Di Rado A. Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles Times, 1995-03-15 ( p. A3).
Encyclopedia Article Sturgeon T. Science fiction. In: The encyclopedia Americana. Danbury, CT: Grolier. 1995, Vol. 24: pp. 390-392.
ERIC Document Fuss-Reineck M. Sibling communication in Star trek: The next generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami F L: Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, 1993, No. ED 364932.
Website Pretty Jules N. Regenerating Agriculture: Policies and Practice for Sustainability and Self-Reliance. Washington D C: Joseph Henry Press. 1995. http://www.nap.edu/books/0309052467/html/index.html. Accessed on [2006-06-12].
SpellingThe Journal uses US spelling and authors should therefore follow the latest edition of the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary.
UnitsWe strongly encourage the use of SI units. All measurements must be given in SI or SI-derived units. If you do not use these exclusively, please provide the SI value in parentheses after each value.
AbbreviationsPlease keep abbreviations to a minimum, only where they ease the reader's task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation only. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used unless they appear at least three times in the text.
Trade namesChemical substances should be referred to by the generic name only. Trade names should not be used when it is not essential or ambiguous. If trade names are used, the name and location of the manufacturer must be given.
Scientific namesUpon its first use in the title, abstract, text, and materials and methods, the common name of a species should be followed by the scientific name (genus, species and authority) in parentheses. However, for well-known species, the scientific name may be omitted from the article title. If no common name exists in English, the scientific name should be used only.
NomenclatureThe use of standardized nomenclature in all fields of science and engineering is an essential step toward the integration and linking of scientific information reported in published literature. We will enforce the use of correct and established nomenclature wherever possible:Species names should be italicized (e.g., Homo sapiens). Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles should be indicated in italics. Use the recommended name by consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature database, e.g., HUGO for human genes. It is sometimes advisable to indicate the synonyms for the gene the first time it appears in the text. The Recommended International Non-Proprietary Name (rINN) of drugs should be provided.
Figures and Tables
FiguresIf the article is accepted for publication, the author will be asked to supply high-resolution, print-ready versions of the figures. Please ensure that the files conform to the following when preparing your figures for production. After acceptance, authors will also be asked to provide an attractive image to highlight their paper online. We recommend that figures be created using Adobe Photoshop. If you use Photoshop or similar software, send .TIF files at full size and delete any blank space around the edges of each figure. Resolution of at least 300 dpi is needed for most figures, saved as .JPG or .TIF. Color figure files should be set up as CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) and not as RGB (red, green, blue) so that the colors as they appear on screen will be a closer representation of how they will print in the Journal. If you use PowerPoint, send the original PowerPoint files. Use only basic PowerPoint fonts, do not draw lines that are less than .25 points thick. Use shaded or colored fills instead of pattern fills. Images imported into PowerPoint should have at least 600 dpi resolution. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. It is preferred that photos be grouped together into one or more plates. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Each figure should be labeled at the top of the page, indicating the name of the author (s), figure number and orientation. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to 8 point size (Arial and Overstriking) for line figures and photographs; figure numbers should be sized to be 9 point size (Arial and Overstriking). Photographs should be supplied as sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints and must be unmounted. Individual photographs forming a composite figure should be of equal contrast to facilitate printing, and should be accurately squared. Magnifications should be indicated using a scale bar on the illustration.
Figure LegendsThe aim of the figure legend should be to describe the key messages of the figure, but the figure should also be discussed in the text. An enlarged version of the figure and its full legend will often be viewed in a separate window online, and it should be possible for a reader to understand the figure without switching back and forth between this window and the relevant parts of the text. Each legend should have a concise title of no more than 15 words. The legend itself should be concise and comprehensive, while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations. Avoid lengthy descriptions of methods.
TablesAll tables should have a concise title. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations. Citations should be indicated using the same style as outlined above. Tables occupying more than one printed page should be avoided, if possible. Larger tables can be published as online supporting information. Tables must be cell-based; do not use picture elements, text boxes, tabs, or returns in tables. Tables should not repeat the same contents of figures.
- Research Articles
- 6 - 12 pages plus references(suggested but not limited)
- 200 - 300-word abstract
- Include a short academic bibliography of the author(s)
- Provide 3-8 keywords
- Commentaries & Reflections, Books/Product Reviews
- 3 - 5 pages plus references
- 100-word abstract
- Include a short academic bibliography of the author(s)
- Provide 3-5 keywords
- Research Articles
Language: Only English language is accepted. However, if an author wants to do presubmission enquiries, a submission may be in Chinese, once approving submission, formal submission must be in English. Submit in Word or RTF format only.
- Left justified
- full justified
- 1-inch margins
- Alphabetical order
- Avoid footnotes
- Content and order
- Article Notes
- Key words
- Main body of article
- Funding sources
- Appendix (if any)
Pre-submission EnquiriesWe strongly encourage authors to submit a pre-submission enquiry before making a full submission. The purpose of a pre-submission enquiry is to solicit rapid initial feedback on the potential suitability of a manuscript for the journal. Staff editors will usually assess these enquiries independently, but may occasionally consult with an academic editor. If you wish to submit a pre-submission enquiry, please send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. The materials that will be required are your contact information, a cover letter (which may include requests to exclude certain peers from the evaluation process), and a referenced abstract (which should include up to 10 key references which put your abstract into context). Authors who receive an invitation to submit their manuscripts will then enter the regular editorial process.
- Have you read the license agreement and are you able to sign it on behalf of all the authors?
- Have you identified potential reviewers whose e-mail addresses you can provide? Have you identified colleagues who may have a conflict of interest?
- Have you prepared a cover letter explaining why you consider this manuscript suitable for publication in IJABE?
- Are related manuscripts by any of the authors submitted or in press elsewhere? If so, are you prepared to provide PDFs?
Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
- If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.
IJABE is an international peer reviewed open access journal, adopting Creative Commons Copyright Notices as follows.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Copyright 2012 Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering(CSAE) and Association of Overseas Chinese Agricultural, Biological and Food Engineers (AOCABFE).